British History 1400 - 1800

ANGLESEY‚ Elizabeth‚ Countess of. 14454

ANGLESEY‚ Elizabeth‚ Countess of.	14454 Her large signature “E: Anglesey:”‚ cut from an original financial document. 4½ x 4½ inches‚ tipped on to part of an old album page. Dated 1635 in a later hand. Christopher Villiers‚ 1st Earl of Anglesey (c.?1593 – 1630)‚ known at court as Kit Villiers‚ was an English courtier‚ Gentleman of the Bedchamber and later Master of the Robes to King James I. He married Elizabeth Norris‚ daughter of Francis Norris‚ 1st Earl of Berkshire and Bridget de Vere.

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AUCKLAND‚ William Eden‚ 1st Baron. 14513

AUCKLAND‚ William Eden‚ 1st Baron.	14513	Autograph Signature’Auckland’‚ cut from an original document‚ mounted beneath a small portrait engraving of Lord Auckland. Inlaid to an old album page‚ overall size 12 x 7½ inches‚ in good condition. Both signature and engraving dated 1796. William Eden‚ 1st Baron Auckland (1745 – 1814)‚ statesman and diplomat. The subantarctic Auckland Islands group to the south of New Zealand‚ discovered in 1806‚ were named after him. In 1778 he carried an Act for the improvement of the treatment of prisoners‚ and accompanied the Earl of Carlisle as a commissioner to North America on an unsuccessful mission to bring and end to the American War of Independence. On his return in 1779 he published his widely-read Four Letters to the Earl of Carlisle. In 1780 Auckland became Chief Secretary for Ireland‚ which he remained until 1782‚ and was admitted to the Irish Privy Council in 1780.

Price : £75.00

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BOYLE‚ Henry. 16181

BOYLE‚ Henry.	16181	Letter Signed‚ to the Lord High Treasurer‚ sending the “Report of His Royall Highness my Lord High Admirall upon the Petition of Sir George Bing‚ having been laid before the Queen”. 1 page 9 x 7 inches‚ in good condition‚ traces of mounting at corners. Whitehall‚ 8 March 1708. Henry Boyle‚ 1st Baron Carleton (1669 –1725)‚ Anglo-Irish politician. Admiral of the Fleet George Byng‚ 1st Viscount Torrington (1663 – 1733). Promoted to full admiral on 26 January 1708‚ Byng became Commander-in-Chief of the Mediterranean Fleet in January 1709 and went on to become a Lord Commissioner of the Admiralty

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BUCKINGHAM‚ George Villiers‚ 1st Duke of. 16778

BUCKINGHAM‚ George Villiers‚ 1st Duke of.	16778 Autograph letter signed ("Buckingham")‚ in French‚ to the French Ambassador at St James's‚ the Marquis d'Effiat‚ assuring him that he has shown his letter to the King and Prince‚ which they have read with great satisfaction and pleasure that they have such a good friend in him; and urging him to come and join them in Newmarket ("...je ne desire rien plus‚ que de vous embrasser...") where notwithstanding shortcomings in accommodation they will do their utmost to make him comfortable; in a postscript Buckingham wished the Ambassador well in his business he has in hand. 1 page 11½ x 7½ inches‚ in very good condition‚ with autograph integral address leaf ("A Monsieur/ Monsieur le Marquis d'Effiat/ Ambassad.r du Roy tres Chresti[e]n/ a/ Londres")‚ fine impression in red wax of Buckingham's seal showing his arms with the Garter surmounted by a ducal coronet‚ recipient's docket (with the New Style year 1625). "De Neumarquet"‚ 3 February 1624[/25]. RARE. George Villiers‚ 1st Duke of Buckingham (1592-1628). Writen in the month before the death of his king and master‚ James I. Buckingham had‚ since June 1624‚ been hand-in-glove with d'Effiat negotiating or the marriage of Prince Charles to the Louis XIII's sister Henrietta Maria. However that month Louis replaced his chief minister with Cardinal Richlieu‚ who immediately insisted that no marriage could be contemplated without relaxation of the persecution of English Catholics. Unfortunately Buckingham had given an undertaking to the House of Lords that if a French marriage were to come about‚ this would never be done. He did however persuade James to give a private undertaking to tis effect that would not be included in the treaty: 'In the French negotiations‚ as with those he had earlier conducted between the king and parliament‚ Buckingham was working on the assumption that the essential first step was to get the parties committed. Half-truths and ambiguities were part of the price that had to be paid to bring this about‚ but the pressure of events—or so he hoped—would make these irrelevant by forcing the constituent parts of the anti-Habsburg alliance into ever closer co-operation. This gamble might have paid off had the initial operations been successful. In the event‚ failure led to accusations of bad faith against Buckingham‚ who had been the architect of the strategy' (Roger Lockyer‚ ODNB). One of the first projects of the proposed Anglo-French collaboration was to be Mansfeld's expedition to the Palatinate‚ which soon went awry. James I‚ never very keen on the French alliance and the concomitant breach with Spin‚ was to die on 27 March at Theobalds in Hertfordshire: 'The death of James I in March 1625 could have entailed the end of Buckingham's influence‚ for history had few examples of favour being transferred from a reigning monarch to his successor. However‚ during the journey to Spain in 1623 the relationship between Buckingham and the prince of Wales had developed into a deep friendship‚ and one of Charles's first actions after he ascended the throne was to assure the duke that his favour would continue into the new reign. It might have been better for Charles if he had not done so‚ for Buckingham was now the object of suspicion and even hatred among the king's subjects‚ but Charles saw no reason to dispense with the services of a man he trusted and who shared his own views on how to respond to the crisis in Europe. A key element in their strategy was to cement the alliance with France‚ and Buckingham hoped to do this when he went to Paris in May 1625' (Lockyer‚ op. cit.).

Price : £4,500.00

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BUTE‚ John Stuart‚ 1st Marquis. 16869

BUTE‚ John Stuart‚ 1st Marquis.	16869 Autograph Letter Signed ‘Bute’‚ to Mr. Elphinstone (the Hon. George Keith Elphinstone‚ later Admiral Viscount Keith)‚ abour “the most extraordinary” transaction involving a Mr. Fraser. 1 page 9 x 7 inches‚ with signature overleaf‚ integral blank leaf‚ in fine condition. Hill Street‚ 20 March 1793. John Stuart‚ 1st Marquess of Bute (1744-1814)‚ was the son of John Stuart‚ 3rd Earl of Bute and the former Mary Wortley Montagu.

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CAMPBELL‚ John‚ Duke of Argyll and Duke of Greenwich. 17766

CAMPBELL‚ John‚ Duke of Argyll and Duke of Greenwich.	17766 Manuscript Note Signed ‘Argyll & Greenwich’‚ empowering James Cockburn to accept‚ on the Duke’s behalf‚ “One Thousand pounds fourth Sea Stock‚ transferred to my Acct. in the South Sea Company’s Books”. 3 x 7 inches‚ tipped on to part of an old album page. 25 April 1732. John Campbell‚ 2nd Duke of Argyll and Duke of Greenwich (1678-1743)‚ soldier and politician‚ played a key role in negotiating the Union (1705) and was commander in chief in Spain in 1711. In 1712 he commanded the army in Scotland‚ and reluctantly suppressed the Jacobite uprising in 1715. He led the government army against the Jacobites led by the Earl of Mar at the Battle of Sheriffmuir.

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CAMPBELL‚ Sir Ilay. 14371

CAMPBELL‚ Sir Ilay.	14371 Autograph Letter Signed‚ to Sir G.Yonge‚ sending a memorial requesting leave of absence for the soldier son of a friend of Campbell‚ “Mr. Mutter‚ who was sometime Governor of one of the Forts in Africa”. 1 page 9 x 7 inches‚ one light stain‚ in good condition. 30 June 1789. Sir Ilay Campbell (1734-1823) was appointed Solicitor General for Scotland in 1783 and Lord Advocate in 1784.

Price : £30.00

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CORNWALL. John Trelawny‚ Deputy Lieutenant‚ 1660. 16148

CORNWALL. John Trelawny‚ Deputy Lieutenant‚ 1660.	16148	The original Patent‚ in the name of King Charles II‚ appointing Jonathan Trelawney to be Deputy Lieutenant of Cornwall‚ signed by Sir John Grenville. In English. An impressive large vellum document‚ extending to 27 x 14 inches‚ seal tag‚ folded‚ legible and in fine clean condition. Found among the Fairfax Papers. 27 November 1660. The Trelawnys were staunch supporters of the Crown during the Civil War‚ and this document records the royal favour they enjoyed at the Restoration. John Grenville‚ 1st Earl of Bath (1628 –1701)‚ English royalist statesman‚ whose highest position was Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. He accompanied Charles II to exile‚ and mediated with the Long Parliament. In 1660‚ Grenville was instrumental in the negotiations between his cousin Monck‚ and Charles II that led to the restoration of the King. Shortly after the Restoration‚ he contested the succession of the Dukedom of Albemarle‚ but lost. He was presently created Earl of Bath‚ Viscount Grenville‚ and Baron Grenville‚ and invested a Privy Councillor two years later (in 1663). In 1665‚ he served as the titular Lord Lieutenant of Ireland‚ although he never went to Ireland (and is consequently not considered a true holder of that office). In about 1680 he rebuilt Stowe House in a grand style befitting his new noble status. Jonathan Trelawny appears to be the second Trelawny Baronet of Trelawne‚ Pelynt‚ Cornwall‚ who inherited the baronetcy in 1664 and died in 1681. He was the father of Jonathan‚ the 3rd Baronet‚ one of the Seven Bishops imprisoned in R.S.Hawker’s Song of the Western Men with its famous refrain‚ “And shall Trelawny die?”

Price : £750.00

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CRAWLEY‚ Sir Francis. 11594

CRAWLEY‚ Sir Francis.	11594	Manuscript Receipt Signed ‘Fr Crawley’‚ for five pounds received from David Cunningham‚ receiver “of those revenues belonging to his majesty when he was Prince”‚ for acting as deputy steward to William Earl of Salisbury. 1 page 12 x 8 inches‚ integral blank leaf‚ in good condition. 19 March 1629. Sir Francis Crawley (1584-1649)‚ judge‚ serjeant at law from 1623. He gave judgement in the King’s favour in the Hampden case (1637-38)‚ for which he was impeached in 1641. He probably joined the King at the start of the Civil War‚ because in 1643 he was in Oxford.

Price : £275.00

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DEVON. Bond for the Payment of First-Fruits‚ Halwill‚ 1763. 17530

DEVON. Bond for the Payment of First-Fruits‚ Halwill‚ 1763.	17530	Bond for the Payment of First-Fruits to the Exchequer by the Rector of Halwill‚ Devon. Signed by Willoughby Stambury and Robert Davis. Vellum‚ 8 x 10 inches‚ light damp staining‚ minor defects‚ of good appearance. 8 March 1763. Offered with two pages of a full typed description and transcript‚ with historical notes. Halwill lies between Okehampton and Holsworthy in the north of the county of Devon. To the right of the signatures‚ where two seals would have been‚ a small strip of parchment has been cut away‚ probably as a formal act of cancellation on the discharge of the bond.

Price : £65.00

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FINANCE. Clayton & Morris Cheque‚ 1659/60. 17478

FINANCE. Clayton & Morris Cheque‚ 1659/60.	17478	Original Manuscript Cheque‚ drawn on the bank Clayton & Morris‚ opening “Mr. Morris‚ pray pay the bearer ...” £50 to Sir Robert Stone for Nicholas Vanacker‚ the merchant who has signed the cheque. 6 x 8 inches‚ light border where formerly mounted or framed‚ folds‚ in excellent condition‚ docketed‚ Clayton MSS stamp on verso. London‚ 10 March 1659 [1660]. One of the earliest cheques in existence‚ maybe the third oldest known Clayton & Morris scrivener’s cheque. In those years the calendar year began on Lady Day (25 March)‚ so this cheque was issued on 10 March 1660. The first cheque was issued in London on 22 April 1659. It was for £10 and made payable to the bearer by Nicholas Vanacker. It was drawn on the bank of Clayton & Morris. The original cheque was sold for £1‚300 at Sotheby's‚ London in 1976.The other known early cheques are dated 16 February 1659/60 (in the collection of the Royal Bank Of Scotland) and 27 August 1660; and the earliest held by the Bank of England is dated 8 December 1660. All of these were also drawn by Vanacker on his account with Clayton & Morris. They were the leading bankers of the Restoration‚ with offices at Cornhill in the City of London: 'Unlike their contemporary goldsmith–bankers‚ Clayton and Morris never invested in royal moneylending‚ nor did they traffic in foreign exchange. Instead‚ their business was centred in the private market of lending money to landowners. As civil wars and interregnum disrupted credit in the countryside‚ many landowners‚ including royalists in search of money to pay compounding fees‚ turned to London for loans. After 1660 the money market remained centred in the capital‚ and Clayton and Morris seized the opportunity to dominate it. Their unique contribution to banking history was to integrate the mortgage as a form of long-term security for banking loans' (Frank Melton‚ 'Robert Clayton'‚ ODNB).

Price : £3,750.00

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FITZGERALD‚ Lord Robert Stephen. 16417

FITZGERALD‚ Lord Robert Stephen.	16417 Autograph Letter Signed‚ to The Gentlemen of the Tobago Committee‚ thanking them for the Honour they have conferred upon him. 1 page 12 x 8 inches‚ some minor tears at folds. Paris‚ 20 November 1789. Lord Robert Stephen Fitzgerald (1765-1833)‚ diplomat‚ minister in Paris during the early years of the French Revolution.

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HALIFAX‚ George Montagu Dunk‚ 2nd Earl. 16307

HALIFAX‚ George Montagu Dunk‚ 2nd Earl.	16307 Autograph Letter Signed ‘Dunk Halifax’‚ addressed “My dear Lord”‚ forwarding Mr. Langton’s Letter. 1 page 9 x 7½ inches‚ integral blank leaf docketed on receipt‚ minor blemishes only. Downing Street‚ 13 February 1760. George Montagu Dunk‚ 2nd Earl of Halifax (1716-1771)‚ statesman. Halifax‚ the capital of Nova Scotia‚ was named after him. In 1763‚ he signed the general warrant for the "authors‚ printers and publishers" of The North Briton number 45‚ under which John Wilkes and 48 others were arrested‚ and for which‚ six years later‚ the courts of law made Halifax pay damages.

Price : £100.00

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HOWARD‚ Sir Robert‚ and others. 17414

HOWARD‚ Sir Robert‚ and others.	17414	Large lower section (only) of an Exchequer document‚ bearing the signatures of Sir Robert Howard‚ Sir John Ernle (Chancellor of the Exchequer)‚ Thomas Earl of Danby‚ and‚ overleaf‚ Sir Nicholas Steward (Stuart)‚ Chamberlain of the Exchequer. Partly printed‚ with manuscript insertions. 10 x 9 inches‚ folds‚ in good condition. November 1679. The autograph of the seventeenth century dramatist‚ Sir Robert Howard (1626-98)‚ author‚ privy councillor‚ and patron of Dryden. Sir John Ernle (1620–1697)‚ Chancellor of the Exchequer. Thomas Osborne‚ Earl of Granby‚ later Duke of Leeds (1632-1712) became Lord High Treasurer to Charles II in 1674.

Price : £200.00

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JANSSEN‚ Sir Theodore. 15071

JANSSEN‚ Sir Theodore.	15071 His signature‚ on a receipt for a dividend‚ cut from a ledger. Strip of paper 2½ x 10 inches. Michaelmas‚ 1719. Sir Theodore Janssen (1658-1748)‚ merchant‚ knighted by King Wiliam III‚ and a leading director of the South Sea Company. Sir Robert Walpole made scapegoats of the directors after the collapse of the South Sea Company‚ and Janssen was forced to hand over about a quarter of a million pounds. He was expelled from the House of Commons. Janssen was the author of a tract entitled ‘General Maxims in Trade...’ [1713]‚ which was reproduced in the first volume of The British Merchant [1721].

Price : £45.00

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KEPPEL‚ Arnold Joost van‚ 1st Earl of Albemarle. 14717

KEPPEL‚ Arnold Joost van‚ 1st Earl of Albemarle.	14717 Autograph Letter Signed ‘Albemarle’‚ to Monsieur Hill‚ about Treasury payments‚ discussing what is due to Dutch regiments of cavalry‚ which are to be reformed for the King’s service. In French. A good one page example‚ 8½ x 7 inches‚ one minor repair‚ integral blank leaf. Kensington‚ 30 October 1697. The uncommon autograph of a colourful figure at Court. Arnold Joost van Keppel‚ 1st Earl of Albemarle (c.1670-1718)‚ Dutch confidant and favourite of King William III. He became page of honor to William III in his mid-teens‚ possibly as early as 1685. Gossips inevitably spoke of an improper relationship‚ while in parliamentary opinion Keppel was regarded as a sinister Dutch influence on the king. William created Keppel Earl of Albemarle in 1696‚ and in 1699 he was given the command of the First Life Guards. After the death of the king‚ Albemarle returned to Holland and commanded the Dutch forces in the allied campaigns against Louis XIV. He fought at the Battles of Ramillies and Oudenarde.

Price : £250.00

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LYTE‚ Henry. 16878

LYTE‚ Henry.	16878 Autograph Letter Signed‚ to the Hon. G.K.Elphinstone [later Admiral Lord Keith]‚ Secretary to His Royal Highness The Prince of Wales for Scotland‚ in Edinburgh‚ thanking him for Prince William’s letter‚ agreeing to Elphinstone remaining in Scotland for a while longer. 1 page 9 x 7 inches‚ fine‚ with the original wrapper. London‚ 19 March 1787. Henry Lyte‚ Secretary and Keeper of the Privy Seal to the Prince of Wales‚ and treasurer of His Royal Highness’s Revenue.

Price : £65.00

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MANSFIELD‚ David Murray‚ 2nd Earl. 14512

MANSFIELD‚ David Murray‚ 2nd Earl.	14512 Autograph Letter Signed‚ discussing a dispute‚ referring to Mr. P’s behaviour as “exceedingly inconsiderate”‚ while “Lord Guilford’s Conduct is every way worthy of him...” 1½ pages 9 x 7 inches‚ fine. Kenwood House‚ 5 November 1793. David Murray‚ 2nd Earl of Mansfield (1727-1796)‚ politician‚ was ambassador to Vienna and then to France in the early years of the American War of Independence‚ and played a role in sending news of American actions back to England.

Price : £35.00

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MASHAM‚ Francis Cudworth. 14559

MASHAM‚ Francis Cudworth.	14559 His signature‚ taken from a Treasury document. 4 x 7 inches‚ lightly mounted. 1718. Francis Cudworth Masham‚ Accountant General to the Court of Chancery‚ son of Damaris‚ Lady Masham (1658-1708)‚ philosopher and theological writer‚ friend of John Locke.

Price : £30.00

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ORMONDE‚ James Butler‚ 2nd Duke. 17640

ORMONDE‚ James Butler‚ 2nd Duke.	17640 A fine Letter Signed ‘Ormonde’‚ to John Piggott‚ Deputy Lieutenant of the County of Somerset‚ confirming is appointment in that county‚ directing him to meet monthly “to perfect & compleat the settlement of the militia”‚ requring an acccount of these proceedings to transmit to the Privy Council‚ but if “I am Ordered by His Majesty to attend him in his Expedition into Flanders‚ & am suddainly to go out of England to that purpose”‚ then the accounts are to be sent to the Marqus of Carmarthen. 1 page 13 x 9 inches‚ with the integral address leaf bearing a good impression of the Duke’s personal seal in red wax. In fine clean condition. London‚ 9 May 1691. James FitzJames Butler‚ 2nd Duke of Ormonde‚ 13th Earl of Ormond‚ 7th Earl of Ossory‚ 2nd Baron Butler‚ KG (1665 – 1745)‚ Irish statesman and soldier. Like his grandfather the 1st Duke‚ he was raised as a Protestant‚ unlike his extended family who held to Roman Catholicism. He served in the campaign to put down the Monmouth Rebellion‚ in the Williamite War in Ireland‚ in the Nine Years' War and in the War of the Spanish Succession but was accused of treason and went into exile after the Jacobite rising of 1715.

Price : £450.00

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PALMES‚ Lieutenant-General Francis‚ & ST. JOHN‚ Rt. Hon. Henry. 17358

PALMES‚ Lieutenant-General Francis‚ & ST. JOHN‚ Rt. Hon. Henry.	17358	Original Bill‚ submitted by Francis Palmes and signed by him‚ for the reimbursement of payments for “postage of letters‚ pacquets & other Expresses; Intelligence of all sorts‚ translating papers; pens‚ ink paper‚ Gazetts‚ & other Stationary Ware”‚ together with his travel expenses “For his Journey from Vienna to London‚ which he undertook at the instance of the Earl of Peterborow for Her Matie’s Immediate Service”. Countersigned‚ with extensive commentary‚ by Henry St. John. 2 pp. 11½ x 7 inches‚ in good condition. With the integral blank leaf. Whitehall‚ 5 April 1712. Lieutenant-General Francis Palmes (d.1719)‚ noted favourite general of the Duke of Marlborough. Palmes assumed command of his regiment at the Battle of Blenheim. Reports from the battle state that 'hardly anyone was more instrumental to the success of that day' than Palmes. From February 1708 Palmes travelled extensively‚ undertaking mission to the United Provinces‚ Hanover‚ Prussia‚ Vienna and Savoy in order to concert measures with the allies. He was promoted to lieutenant-general in the Army in 1709 and became envoy to Poland in 1718. Henry St John‚ 1st Viscount Bolingbroke (1678 – 1751)‚ English politician‚ government official and political philosopher.

Price : £150.00

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PYE‚ Sir Robert. 17289

PYE‚ Sir Robert.	17289 Lower section only of a Treasury warrant‚ bearing a signed annotation by Robert Pye. 3 x 8 inches. c.1631. Sir Robert Pye (1585–1662) was an English courtier‚ administrator and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1621 and 1629. He supported the Royalist cause in the English Civil War. As a supporter of the King‚ Pye was deprived of his office in 1642. During the Civil War‚ he garrisoned his mansion at Faringdon for the Royalists‚ and it was stoutly besieged‚ by his own son‚ Robert who was fighting for Parliament. Following the Restoration‚ Pye was restored to his post as Auditor of the Receipt of the Exchequer.

Price : £45.00

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REEVE‚ Sir Thomas. 13453

REEVE‚ Sir Thomas.	13453	Manuscript Legal Judgment‚ extensively annotated and signed by Reeve‚ exploring a case of land law and tenants’ rights‚ relating to the cutting of timber and to trespass‚ in Watton in the county of Norfolk. 2 pp. 11½ x 7 inches‚ in good condition. 15 May 1731. Sir Thomas Reeve (1673-1737)‚ Chief Justice of the Common Pleas.

Price : £150.00

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RICHARDSON‚ William. 15631

RICHARDSON‚ William.	15631	Autograph Letter Signed ‘W.Richardson’‚ addressed ‘Dear Madam’‚ discussing Mr.Alleyne’s legacy to the College‚ providing the name of the London bookseller who gives receipts in the name of the College‚ and refusing to enter a private dispute about a memorial in Loughborough chancel and other points of disagreement with Mr.Alleyne’s heirs. 2 pp. 8 x 6½ inches‚ offsetting‚ light spotting‚ but of good appearance. A pencilled note indicates the recipient as ‘Miss E Coltman‚ Leicester (part of the Gifford/Bakewell corr.)’ E.C. [Emmanuel College]‚ 9 October 1762. William Richardson (1698–1775)‚ antiquary‚ and Master of Emmanuel College Cambridge from 1736. At Emmanuel‚ Richardson proved a great builder. First of all he sponsored a scheme for a new western range by Sir James Burrough‚ the tory master of Gonville and Caius College and eminent amateur architect. This foundered because Richardson tried to incorporate the fellows' parlour in the master's lodge and give them new quarters at the other end of the hall—a fact which may lie behind the account of William Bennet‚ a fellow under Richardson from 1763‚ later tutor and bishop of Cork and Ross‚ and Cloyne‚ in Ireland: ‘He was a most strict and unpleasant master to his fellows‚ but had a great regard for the prosperity of the body‚ with a gentleman-like behaviour‚ and a liberal mind’. [DNB] “I am sorry to find Disputes are risen between my friend Mr.Alleyne’s Representative & his Successors; & shd be pleas’d to see Expedients found to accomodate their Differences; but do not perceive that it can be done‚ but by the Intervention of common friends on the spot.”

Price : £100.00

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RUSSELL‚ Lady Rachel. 11736

RUSSELL‚ Lady Rachel.	11736 Her signature ‘R Russell’‚ cut from a document‚ mounted on an old album page. 2½ x 3 inches‚ in good condition. Undated‚ c.1685. Uncommon. Rachel Wriothesley‚ Lady Russell (c.1636-1723)‚ heiress and author. Her second husband was William Russell‚ Lord Russell‚ who was implicated in the Rye House Plot and later executed. Her correspondence offers a keen insight into 17th-century English domestic life. In addition to her letters‚ Lady Rachel Russell also wrote diaries‚ essays‚ a catechism‚ and Instructions for Children.

Price : £150.00

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SANDYS‚ William‚ 3rd Lord Sandys. 17724

SANDYS‚ William‚ 3rd Lord Sandys.	17724	Original Manuscript Certificate‚ signed by William Sandys‚ addressed to the Justices of the Exchequer‚ concerning the recovery of rent due from inhabitants of the Vyne. 6 x 8 inches‚ an attractive document bearing two impressed seals. With an old partial translation. From the Enys Library. January 1576. William Sandys‚ 3rd Baron Sandys (d. 1623). The third Lord Sandys was visited at the Vyne (near Basingstoke) by Queen Elizabeth I in 1569. It was from here that she wrote the letter to the Earl of Huntingdon‚ commanding him to take custody of Mary‚ Queen of Scots‚ and to allow her "neither to send or receive any message or letters without our knowledge". The Sandys family continued to live at the Vyne until 1650. The first creation‚ as Baron Sandys‚ of The Vyne‚ was in the Peerage of England in 1523 for William Sandys‚ the favourite of King Henry VIII. It passed through several generations of his descendants until it fell into abeyance circa 1683 at the death of the eighth Baron‚ in which state it has remained since.

Price : £450.00

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SCOTLAND. Inventory of the late Earl of Dundonald‚ 1720. 14509

SCOTLAND. Inventory of the late Earl of Dundonald‚ 1720.	14509 The original document reporting the Inventory of Furniture taken immediately following the death of John‚ 4th Earl of Dundonald‚ by Robert Sempill‚ deputy Sheriff of Renfrew‚ at the request of Charles‚ William‚ and Alexander Cochrane‚ itemising the particular cabinets‚ trunks‚ drawers etc.‚ which they have listed and sealed. 1 page (with 9 lines overleaf) 12 x 8 inches‚ integral blank leaf‚ entirely legible‚ light dust soiling‚ one old tape repair. 6 June 1720. Uncommon. Col. John Cochrane 4th Earl of Dundonald died at Paisley on 5 June 1720 at the age of thirty-two. He had served as Colonel of the 4th Horse Guards (1715-19). This unsigned original document records that the sheriffs were ordered to Paisley without delay and “In the presence of the sd noble Earle his friends and all concerned‚ cause Seall up all Charter chists‚ Cabinets‚ presses‚ trunks‚ drawers‚ and every other thing ...” in order that everything “relating to the affairs of the sd noble family may be contaned and secured‚ conforme to and in the terms of the act of Sederunt of the lords of Coucill & Session made the warrant dated the twenty third day of february 1692.” They proceed through the house: “In the large dyining room Nyne drawers all numbered with figures... Item in the earles own bed chamber‚ One fyne Cabinet Sealed thrice with the fors[ai]d sealls.”

Price : £250.00

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SOMERSET. Maurice Berkeley‚ 3rd Viscount Fitzhardinge. 17185

SOMERSET. Maurice Berkeley‚ 3rd Viscount Fitzhardinge.	17185	Original Warrant‚ signed ‘Fitzharding’ as Lord Lieutenant of Somerset‚ appointing John Piggott to be a Deputy Lieutenant of Somerset‚ with full authority over “the Militia forces both of horse and foote”. Vellum‚ 9 x 13 inches‚ folds‚ in superb clean condition‚ legible‚ small wafer seal affixed. 27 June 1689 “in the first yeare of theire Majesties Raigne”. A beautiful document from the years of the Glorious Revolution. William and Mary were crowned together at Westminster Abbey on 11 April 1689. Maurice Berkeley‚ 3rd Viscount Fitzhardinge (1628 – 1690)‚ known as Sir Maurice Berkeley from 1660 to 1668‚ also here as “Baron Berkeley of Rathdowne in the Kingdome of Irelande”‚ was a courtier‚ politician and soldier at the centre of national events in England and Ireland. He served as vice-president of Connaught from 1662 to 1666: was also appointed to the Privy Council of Ireland in 1663 and sat in the Parliament of Ireland from 1665 to 1666. He was removed as a deputy lieutenant of Somerset in 1687‚ from the Somerset commission of the peace in February 1688‚ and as high steward of Bath in August 1688. In October 1688 he was re-appointed a JP in Somerset and to the high stewardship. After the Glorious Revolution‚ he declined to vote on the transfer of the throne to William and Mary. He was appointed Lord Lieutenant of Somerset in 1689 and returned to the commission for assessment of that county.

Price : £200.00

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SOUTHWELL Thomas George 1st Viscount. 10505

SOUTHWELL Thomas George 1st Viscount.	10505	Autograph Letter Signed ‘Southwell’ informing his correspondent that “Doctor Smyth Master of Westminster School has some Pictures of mine in his possession which he will send to you together with a Chamber Clock of mine” and asking for these to be carefully packed and sent to Dublin. An atractive one page example 8½ x 7 inches neatly laid down. Dublin 8 May 1771. Thomas George Southwell 1st Viscount Southwell (1721-1780) Irish politician and freemason (Grandmaster of the Grand Lodge of Ireland). He was appointed Constable of Limerick Castle in 1750 and Governor of County Limerick in 1762.

Price : £100.00

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STANHOPE‚ Philip. 15629

STANHOPE‚ Philip.	15629	Autograph Letter Signed ‘P.Stanhope’‚ as Resident at Hamburg‚ addressed ‘Dear Sir’‚ responding to his letters by providing some meagre news from Hamburg in return‚ including the uncertain possibility of a visit from His Danish Majesty‚ Stanhope himself expecting to receive orders to return to England. 2 pp. 9 x 7 inches‚ intgegral blank leaf‚ a few minor defects at centre fold from previous mounting‚ generally in good condition. Hamburg‚ 5 April 1759. “I can only inform you‚ that the Duke of Mecklenburg removed yesterday to Altona‚ where Mr de Champeane the French minister will follow him tomorrow‚ having hired Count Rantgau’s house for that purpose.”Philip Stanhope (1732 – 1768) was the illegitimate son of Philip Stanhope‚ 4th Earl of Chesterfield to whom the famous Letters to His Son were addressed. Born in England‚ his mother was a French governess‚ Madelina Elizabeth du Bouchet. Despite his father taking great pains to educate him‚ and also using his influence to obtain various diplomatic appointments for what he hoped would be a high-flying career‚ Stanhope was treated with disdain by many‚ because of his illegitimacy. He was a Member of Parliament for Liskeard and St Germans. The government in 1764 wishing to get possession of his seat‚ asked him to vacate it‚ and after some negotiation he agreed‚ on receiving payment of £1‚000‚ which was half the amount he (or his father) had paid for it. He was also successively Resident at Hamburg (1752-1759)‚ Envoy Extraordinary to the Diet of Ratisbon‚ (1763)‚ and finally on April 3‚ 1764 was appointed to the Court of Dresden‚ Germany.

Price : £150.00

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TOWNSHEND‚ Thomas‚ 1st Viscount Sydney. 15096

TOWNSHEND‚ Thomas‚ 1st Viscount Sydney.	15096 Autograph Letter Signed ‘T.Townshend’‚ addressed “My dear Lord” [Earl Temple‚ Lord Lieutenant of Ireland until 1783‚ later Marquess of Buckingham]‚ sending the account he has received “relative to Gibraltar”‚ in other words the relief of the Siege‚ saying he awaits the news of a successful naval engagement. 2 pp. 9 x 7 inches‚ remains of guard along one edge‚ a few minor blemishes‚ but generally in good condition‚ annotation to first page. Whitehall‚ 29 October 1782. Thomas Townshend‚ 1st Viscount Sydney (1733-1800) was brought him back into office by Rockingham as a Lord of the Treasury on 12 July 1765. He became secretary of state for the home office in July 1782‚ after a few months as secretary at war under Rockingham. In those days the home department included responsibility for the colonies. He is famous for his support of the plans for a convict settlement in New South Wales. On 26 January 1788 Arthur Philip named Sydney in New South Wales in his honour. In September 1782 a large fleet left Spithead under Richard Howe‚ arriving off Cape St Vincent on 9 October. The following evening a gale blew up‚ scattering the Spanish and French fleet. This allowed Howe to sail unopposed into Gibraltar. A total of 34 ships of the line escorted 31 transport ships which delivered supplies‚ food‚ and ammunition. The fleet also brought the 25th‚ 59th‚ and 97th regiments of foot bringing the total number of the garrison to over 7‚000. Townshend comments on the news he has received: “I have no doubt of the Authenticity of the favorable part of it... We may expect an Account of a Naval Engagement. If we are successfull‚ I think we may pronounce Ld Howe’s Campaign of 1782 to be one of the greatest Naval ones that ever was known. Indeed I shall be at a Loss for one to compare with it ... P.S. It is owing to an accident that this Account was not sent you by last night’s Post.”

Price : £275.00

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TRINITY COLLEGE‚ CAMBRIDGE. 14803

TRINITY COLLEGE‚ CAMBRIDGE.	14803 A collection of 8 manuscript certificates of residence at the College‚ each signed either by Thomas Postlethwaite or William Lort Mansel as Master‚ all sent as letters to Mr. Harris at Rugby School‚ in favour of various Exhibitioners‚ Walter William Fell‚ Delabere Pritchett‚ Thomas Norris‚ and Thomas Coltman. 8 letters 9 x 7 inches‚ in good condition‚ with the address leaves (postal markings). Trinity College‚ Cambridge‚ 1793-1803.

Price : £200.00

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