General Science and Invention

ABEL‚ Sir Frederick Augustus. 16622

ABEL‚ Sir Frederick Augustus.	16622	Autograph Letter Signed‚ to Frederick Braby‚ thanking him for his congratulations. 2 pp. 7 x 4½ inches‚ some traces of mounting‚ otherwise good. Athenaeum‚ Pall Mall‚ 28 April 1883. Sir Frederick Augustus Abel (1827-1902)‚ chemist‚ inventor of cordite‚ author of works on explosives.

Price : £35.00

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ABEL‚ Sir Frederick Augustus. 17230

ABEL‚ Sir Frederick Augustus.	17230 Autograph Letter Signed‚ to T.Twining‚ replying that “my experiments with Lucifer Matches” were made some time ago‚ referring to his paper “on the application of Electricity to the explosion of Gunpowder in the Journal of the Chemical Society”. 3 pp. 7 x 4½ inches‚ fine. Royal Arsenal Woolwich‚ 25 January 1864. Sir Frederick Augustus Abel (1827-1902)‚ chemist‚ inventor of cordite‚ author of works on explosives.

Price : £65.00

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AIKIN‚ Arthur. 9324

AIKIN‚ Arthur.	9324	Autograph Letter Signed‚ to E.Solly‚ inviting him and his family to “an evening party & dance”. 1 page 7 x 4½ inches‚ generally in good condition‚ minor defects only. 19 John Street Adelphi‚ 7 June‚ no year given. Arthur Aikin (1773-1854)‚ English chemist‚ mineralogist and scientific writer‚ studied chemistry under Joseph Priestley at Warrington Academy. He was one of the founders of the Geological Society of London in 1807 and was its honorary secretary in 1812-1817. His publications included A Journal of a Tour through North Wales and Part of Shropshire with Observations in Mineralogy and Other Branches of Natural History (London‚ 1797); A Manual of Mineralogy (1814; ed. 2‚ 1815); A Dictionary of Chemistry and Mineralogy (with his brother C. R. Aikin)‚ 2 vols. (London‚ 1807‚ 1814).

Price : £45.00

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AINSWORTH‚ William Francis 15487

AINSWORTH‚ William Francis	15487 Autograph Letter Signed‚ regretting he missed the meeting at which his correspondent was reading a paper‚ hoping to see him on Thursday. A good one page example‚ 7 x 4½ inches. Thames Villa‚ Tuesday‚ undated. William Francis Ainsworth (1807-96)‚ geologist‚ surgeon and Eastern traveller‚ was an original Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society‚ and published various works‚ including Observations on the Pestilential Cholera (1832)‚ Travels in Asia Minor (1842) and The River Karun‚ an Opening to British Commerce (1890).

Price : £35.00

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AINSWORTH‚ William Francis. 11000

AINSWORTH‚ William Francis.	11000 Autograph Letter Signed‚ to Frank Parr‚ thanking him for the Lake Papers‚ despairing of the Literary Guild‚ saying he has just attended a function “for promoting railways in Turkey in Asia”. 2 pp. 7 x 4½ inches‚ folds‚ occasional light soiling. Ravenscourt Villa‚ Hammersmith‚ 6 August 1878. William Francis Ainsworth (1807-96)‚ geologist‚ surgeon and Eastern traveller‚ was an original Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society‚ and published various works‚ including Observations on the Pestilential Cholera (1832)‚ Travels in Asia Minor (1842) and The River Karun‚ an Opening to British Commerce (1890).

Price : £35.00

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BABBAGE‚ Charles. 14953

BABBAGE‚ Charles.	14953 A collection of 17 original Address Panels‚ all addressed to Charles Babbage at 1‚ Dorset Street‚ written by famous contemporary scientists and those connected with his invention of the calculating machine‚ each one identified in ink by an early owner of this unusual group. 17 address panels‚ some franked‚ generally in good condition‚ some neatly mounted. Probably 1840-60. Charles Babbage (1792-1871)‚ mathematician‚ inventor of the calculating machine still preserved in the Science Museum‚ London. This fascinating collection of his correspondents includes the original address panels written by Augusta Ada Byron (1815-52)‚ Michael Faraday (1791-1867)‚ Sir James South (astronomer‚ 2)‚ James MacCullagh (Irish mathematician)‚ Sir David Brewster‚ John Barlow‚ Sir Benjamin Hawes‚ Alexander Dallas Bache (American physicist)‚ Sir William Snow Harris (electricity pioneer)‚ Sir Charles Wheatstone (inventor of electric telegraph)‚ the Earl of Rosse (mathematician)‚ Quetelet (Belgian astronomer)‚ and Claudet (probably Antoine Claudet who photographed Babbage).

Price : £1,750.00

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BABBAGE‚ Charles. 16592

BABBAGE‚ Charles.	16592	Autograph Letter Signed ‘C.Babbage’‚ to Benjamin Hawes‚ inviting him to look at the drawings of the Difference Engine [Difference Engine No. 2] with Brunel‚ Stephenson‚ Lord Rosse and others. 1½ pages 6 x 4 inches‚ folds‚ in good condition. Dorset Street‚ Thursday‚ undated [c.1848]. A gathering of the great scientists of the nineteenth century to view the drawings of an early prototype of the computer. By March 1848‚ Babbage had prepared a complete set of drawings and notations for the design of the Difference Engine No. 2. “I expect Brunel‚ Stephenson‚ the Lord Advocate‚ Ld Rosse and one or two others on tuesday at 2 PM to look at the Drawings of the Difference Engine and the language by which they are explained.” Charles Babbage (1792-1871)‚ mathematician‚ philosopher‚ inventor‚ and mechanical engineer who originated the concept of a programmable computer. Parts of his uncompleted mechanisms are on display in the London Science Museum. In 1991‚ a perfectly functioning difference engine was constructed from Babbage's original plans. Considered a "father of the computer"‚ Babbage is credited with inventing the first mechanical computer that eventually led to more complex designs. His correspondent is Benjamin Hawes (1797-1862)‚ the brother-in-law of I.K.Brunel. In 1842‚ in the House of Commons‚ it was Hawes alone who spoke in support of the building of Babbage’s Difference Engine‚ after the Government had abandoned the project. It was with Hawes that Babbage conferred while preparing a letter to Lord Derby‚ then Prime Minister‚ about the possibilities of building an Analytical Engine.

Price : £4,950.00

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BACHHOFFNER‚ George Henry. 4613

BACHHOFFNER‚ George Henry.	4613 Letter Signed‚ to W.E.Greenwell‚ subscribing two guineas to the Browning Fund. 1 page 7 x 4½ inches‚ minor thin in upper margin‚ otherwise good. 204 Marylebone Road‚ 9 March 1874. George Henry Bachhoffner (1810-1879)‚ inventor (inventions connected with the electric telegraph‚ gas stoves‚ oil lamps) and one of the founders of the London Polytechnic Institution.

Price : £30.00

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BARLOW‚ John. 17052

BARLOW‚ John.	17052	Autograph Letter Signed‚ addressed ‘My dear Sir’ [? Charles Babbage]‚ asking him “if you purpose to exhibit the calculating machine on Saturday next at the Royal Society; and‚ if so‚at what hour?” 1 page 7 x 4½ inches‚ left edge slightly ragged‚ folds. 5 Berkeley Street‚ Piccadilly‚ 26 July‚ no year given. The Revd. John Barlow‚ Secretary of the Royal Institution from 1843 to 1860‚ and close friend of Michael Faraday.

Price : £150.00

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BEALE‚ Lionel Smith. 17240

BEALE‚ Lionel Smith.	17240	Autograph Letter Signed‚ to Dr.Sharpey‚ discussing his professional disagreement with Kolliker and other German researchers‚ saying that he will bring the drawings with their explanation to the evening meeting‚ reviewing his examination of animal tissues‚ nerve fibres‚ etc. 4 pp. 6 x 4 inches‚ fine. 6 Grosvenor Street‚ 13 June 1862. Lionel Smith Beale (1828-1906)‚ doctor and microscopist‚ taught the use of the microscope in histological and physiological research. His earliest separately published book was The Microscope and its Application to Clinical Medicine {1854]‚ which went through several editions‚ the fifth and last edition [1880] being called How to Work with the Microscope. Through his microscopic methods‚ he advanced medical science‚ particularly relating to nerves and to germs. This work foreshadowed much later work on bacterial disease‚ anticipating by five years the microbic theory of disease and Pasteur’s doctrine of immunisation. William Sharpey (1802-1880)‚ Scottish anatomist and physiologist.

Price : £150.00

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BECQUEREL‚ Antoine César. 10252

BECQUEREL‚ Antoine César.	10252	Autograph Letter Signed ‘Becquerel’‚ to Monsieur Boutigny [Pierre Hippolyte Boutigny‚ professor of chemistry]‚ discussing his research into the action of hydro-chloric acid in the formation of sulphur of arsenic. 2 pp. 7 x 4½ inches‚ in good condition‚ with address leaf‚ tippped on to part of an old album page. Paris‚ 26 March 1833. Antoine César Becquerel (1788-1878)‚ French scientist and a pioneer in the study of electric and luminescent phenomena. In 1825 he invented a differential galvanometer for the accurate measurement of electrical resistance. In 1829 he invented a constant-current electrochemical cell‚ the forerunner of the Daniell cell. In the same year‚ working with his son A. E. Becquerel‚ he discovered the photoelectric effect on an electrode immersed in a conductive liquid. In 1837 he became a Fellow of the Royal Society‚ and received its Copley Medal for his various memoirs on electricity‚ and particularly for those on the production of metallic sulphurets and sulphur by electrolysis. He was the first to prepare metallic elements from their ores by this method.

Price : £450.00

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BECQUEREL‚ Edmond. 10251

BECQUEREL‚ Edmond.	10251	Autograph Letter Signed ‘Edmond Becquerel’‚ to Monsieur Boutigny [Pierre Hippolyte Boutigny‚ professor of chemistry]‚ apparently inviting him to witness experiments with sulphuric acid (based on Boutigny’s work) to be undertaken by Becquerel’s father at the botanical gardens In French. A good one page example 8 x 6 inches‚ integral address leaf‚ tipped on to an old album leaf. 18 October 1850. Uncommon. Alexandre-Edmond Becquerel (1820-1891) was a French physicist who studied the solar spectrum‚ magnetism‚ electricity‚ and optics. He is known for his work in luminescence and phosphorescence. He discovered the photovoltaic effect‚ which is the physics behind the solar cell‚ in 1839. He was the son of Antoine César Becquerel and the father of Henri Becquerel.

Price : £450.00

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BOWMAN‚ John Eddowes. 9275

BOWMAN‚ John Eddowes.	9275	Autograph Letter Signed‚ to Dr John Forbes Royle‚ regretting that an engagement at home prevents him accepting Royle’s invitation. 1 page 7 x 4½ inches. Kings College‚ 17 January 1849. John Eddowes Bowman (1819-1854)‚ chemist‚ first Professor of Practical Chemistry at King’s College London.

Price : £35.00

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BRANDE‚ William Thomas. 11474

BRANDE‚ William Thomas.	11474	Autograph Letter Signed‚ to D.P.Gamble‚ making arrangements for their meeting. 1¼ pages‚ 7 x 4¼ inches‚ folds‚ address leaf. Royal Mint‚ 9 May[?]‚ no year given. William Thomas Brande (1788-1866)‚ chemist‚ editor of the Dictionary of Science and Art. He became superintendent of the die department at the Mint.

Price : £45.00

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BRANDE‚ William Thomas. 13737

BRANDE‚ William Thomas.	13737	Autograph Letter Signed‚ responding to his correspondent’s scientific query. 2 pp. 7 x 4½ inches‚ in good condition. Grafton Street‚ undated. William Thomas Brande (1788-1866)‚ chemist‚ editor of the Dictionary of Science and Art‚ author of a Manual of Chemistry. He became superintendent of the die department at the Mint. “... I cannot send a more satisfactory answer to your queries than that inclosed‚ which although it states the relative quantities of nutritive matter‚ does not specify its nature. In the grains it is chiefly gluten and starch - in the toots starch & sugar‚ and in the fruits gum & sugar - in animal substances it is albumen and gelatine ...”

Price : £65.00

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BRODIE‚ Sir Benjamin Collins. 9831

BRODIE‚ Sir Benjamin Collins.	9831	His printed Visiting Card. 1½ x 3 inches‚ paper adhering to verso. Undated. Found among the papers of Pierre Hippolyte Boutigny‚ professor of chemistry. Sir Benjamin Collins Brodie‚ the younger (1817-1880)‚ chemist. In 1865 he was appointed professor of chemistry at Oxford. He discovered an important process for the purification of graphite.

Price : £30.00

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BROWN‚ Samuel Sneade. 17436

BROWN‚ Samuel Sneade.	17436	Autograph Letter Signed‚ sending his pamphlet on “sanitary teachings”‚ praising his correspondent’s “interesting and instructive lecture at the Society of Arts yesterday” relevant to that subject. 3 pp. 7 x 4½ inches‚ in good condition‚ traces of former mounting. Found among the correspondence of Jabez Hogg‚ almost certainly the recipient of the letter. 13 Dorset Square‚ 13 May [c.1870]. Samuel Sneade Brown (1809–1875)‚ colonial administrator‚ was stationed in India. He was the author of Home Letters Written from India Between the Years 1828 and 1841 (1878). He also wrote on Sanitary Reform‚ including a pamphlet‚ Notes on Sanitary Reform‚ the Health of Towns (1870)‚ probably the subject of this letter. “It is not until the subjects affecting our health are made the matter of public instruction that the public health will really be bettered. Want of perception lies at the root of popular ignorance and want of local consciousness at that of municipal mismanagement.”

Price : £65.00

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BRUNEL‚ Sophia. 15803

BRUNEL‚ Sophia.	15803 Autograph Letter Signed ‘S.Brunel’‚ to her daughter Sophia‚ asking after her husband Benjamin Hawes‚ saying she would like Sarah Donkin to visit in the summer‚ and commenting on the health and spirits of Marc Isambard Brunel‚ adding that he “is certainly not able to bear it if there is anything to annoy”‚ mentioning as one cause the affairs of Pinchback (one of the draughtsmen employed on the Thames Tunnel from 1824). 1½ pages 7 x 4½ inches‚ in good condition‚ address leaf. Undated. Sophia Kingdom married Marc Isambard Brunel in 1799. Their children were Sophia (the subject of this letter‚ who married Benjamin Hawes)‚ Emma‚ and Isambard Kingdom Brunel‚ the famous engineer.

Price : £150.00

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CARDEW‚ Philip. 7597

CARDEW‚ Philip.	7597	Autograph Letter Signed‚ to Mr.trotter‚ making arrangements for their meeting. A good one page example‚ 7 x 4½ inches‚ Board of Trade‚ 10 July 1889. Major Philip Cardew‚ Royal Engineers (1851-1910)‚ inventor of the voltmeter‚ the vibratory transmitter for telegraphy‚ and other electrical devices. Cardew's invention of the vibratory transmitter for telegraphy was perhaps his most important‚ and in the case of faulty lines it proved useful not only on active service overseas but also during heavy snowstorms at home. He received a money reward for this from the imperial and Indian governments. The utility of the invention was greatly extended by his further invention of ‘separators’‚ consisting of a combination of choking coil and two condensers. These instruments enabled a vibrating telegraph circuit to be superimposed on an ordinary Morse circuit without interference between the two‚ thus doubling the message-carrying capability of the line. His apparatus for testing lightning conductors was adopted by the war department. [DNB]

Price : £45.00

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CARLISLE‚ Anthony. 11389

CARLISLE‚ Anthony.	11389	Autograph Letter Signed‚ to Mr. Iliff‚ thanking him for the Specimens‚ and asking for further contributions ot the Museum of Guy’s Hospital. 1 page 7 x 4½ inches‚ remains of guard. Langham Place‚ 17 December 1839. Sir Anthony Carlisle FRCS‚ FRS (1768-1842)‚ surgeon. In 1800 he and William Nicholson discovered electrolysis by passing a voltaic current through water‚ decomposing it into its constituent elements of hydrogen and oxygen. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1804.

Price : £35.00

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CHAPTAL‚ Jean-Antoine. 11656

CHAPTAL‚ Jean-Antoine.	11656	Letter Signed‚ as Minister of the Interior‚ to the Minister of War‚ about the transport of large quantities of grain from Marseilles to Bastia‚ and its distribution. In French. 2 pp. 9 x 7 inches‚ integral address leaf (torn at seal opening)‚ in good condition. Ministry of the Interior‚ Paris‚ 17 Ventose an 11 [8 March 1803]. Jean-Antoine Chaptal‚ comte de Chanteloup (1756-1832)‚ French chemist and statesman‚ established a factory for the production of sulphuric acid‚ alum‚ etc.‚ and became head of the gunpowder works at Grenelle (1793)‚ and then Minister of the Interior (1800-1804). Author of works on applied chemistry‚ especially dyeing‚ agriculture‚ viticulture and wine making. The process of adding sugar to unfermented wine in order to increase the final alcohol level is known as chaptalization after him.

Price : £250.00

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CLAUSIUS‚ Rudolf. 12138

CLAUSIUS‚ Rudolf.	12138	Autograph Letter Signed R.Clausius‚ to the Hon. Andrew Orr‚ Provost of the British Association‚ thanking him politely for the kind invitation to attend the British Association meeting‚ explaining that he has already planned to spend his short autumn holiday at the Paris Exhibition‚ and must therefore postpone to another year “the pleasure of attending a meeting of the Association‚ and of visiting your interesting country”. A superb example‚ in English‚ 16 lines on 1 page 8½ x 5½ inches‚ with an integral blank leaf. Berlin‚ 8 July 1855. Rare. Rudolf Julius Emmanuel Clausius (1822-1888) German physicist and mathematician‚ is considered one of the central founders of the science of thermodynamics. By his restatement of Sadi Carnot's principle known as the Carnot cycle‚ he put the theory of heat on a truer and sounder basis. His most important paper‚ On the mechanical theory of heat‚ published in 1850‚ first stated the basic ideas of the second law of thermodynamics. In 1865 he introduced the concept of entropy.

Price : £950.00

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COMBE‚ George. 9290

COMBE‚ George.	9290	Autograph Letter Signed‚ saying that he has “has sent a copy of Saturday’s Scotsman to Mr Cobden” and encloses his answer‚ discussing political matters with particular reference to the Maynooth College (Ireland) Act. 3½ pages 4½ x 3½ inches‚ occasional light dust soiling only. Edinburgh‚ 26 April 1852. George Combe (1788-1858)‚ phrenologist. In 1819 in 1819 his essays were collected into a book entitled Essays in Phrenology. In 1824 Combe published a further volume: A System of Phrenology. Between 1838 and 1840 Combe toured Canada and the United States‚ seeking to propagate his views by lecturing and by establishing links with like-minded reformers. “They cannot say that Popery is false‚ unless they pretend to infallibility. If anyone is infallible‚ he is able to find the truth & may consistently endow it; but not otherwise; if we cannot determine truth‚ neither can we decide infallibly what is error.”

Price : £65.00

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CORFIELD‚ William Henry. 9772

CORFIELD‚ William Henry.	9772	Letter Signed‚ to R.Fraser‚ agreeing to give a lecture to the London Institution. 1½ pages 7 x 4½ inches‚ a few minor stains only. 19 Savile Row‚ 23 May 1890. William Henry Corfield (1843-1903)‚ professor of hygiene and public health. “... should be glad to know whether a technical lecture on some subject connected say with house sanitation or with the disposal of sewage‚ or whether a general popular lecture on some Hygiene subject would‚ in your opinion‚ be preferable.”

Price : £35.00

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COWPER‚ Edward. 14826

COWPER‚ Edward.	14826 His autograph signature‚ taken from the end of a letter: “yours sincerely‚ Edwd Cowper.” 2 x 8 inches‚ in good condition. Undated. Uncommon. Edward Cowper (1790–1852) was an English printing engineer‚ inventor‚ and academic. Cowper was the improver of the steam printing machine‚ projected by William Nicholson and implemented by Friedrich Koenig. In 1816‚ when he described himself as an ironmonger and mechanist of Newington Butts‚ Cowper obtained a patent (No. 3974) for "a method of printing paper for paper-hangings and other purposes"‚ with curved stereotype plates fixed on cylinders for printing long rolls of paper. In 1818‚ styling himself as a printer‚ he patented (No. 4194) certain improvements in printing‚ which consisted of a method for a better distribution of the ink‚ and an improved manner of conveying the sheets from one cylinder to another. This was the origin of the "perfecting machine" which printed on both sides of the paper at once.

Price : £45.00

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DECK‚ Isaiah‚ junior. 15565

DECK‚ Isaiah‚ junior.	15565	Autograph Letter Signed ‘Isaiah Deck le jeune’‚ to Monsieur Boutigny [Pierre Hippolyte Boutigny‚ professor of chemistry] in Paris‚ about the invention and design of a lamp. In French. 10 x 8 inches‚ integral address leaf with Deck’s visiting card affixed‚ tipped on to album page. Victoria Terrace‚ Leamington‚ 1 December 1845. Isaiah Deck‚ son of Isaiah Deck (1792-1853). In 1825 the elder Deck established himself in Cambridge on Trumpington Street as a pharmaceutical chemist and mineral dealer‚ and around 1830 moved to new quarters at 9 King's Parade. In 1843 he also opened a chemists' shop at 6 Victoria Terrace in Leamington Spa. It was run by his son‚ also Isaiah‚ and closed in 1848. Isaiah Deck the younger went to Egypt in search of emeralds in the 1850's‚ and there conceived an incredible plan to satisfy America's desperate shortage of rags for paper-making by shipping tons of Egyptian mummies across the Atlantic for making paper pulp from their linen wrappings (he published a paper on it in 1855).

Price : £35.00

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DESPRETZ‚ César-Mansuète. 11057

DESPRETZ‚ César-Mansuète.	11057 Autograph Letter Signed‚ to Monsieur Boutigny [Pierre Hipployte Boutigny‚ Professor of Chemistry at Evreux] about the time of the lecture and experiment (”la vaporisation spheroidale”) at which Boutigny will assist. In French. 2 pp. 8 x 5½ inches‚ integral address leaf‚ tipped on to part album page‚ in good condition. 12 October 1845. César-Mansuète Despretz (1798-1863)‚ chemist and physicist. He was Chaire de physique at the Faculté des sciences in Paris.

Price : £45.00

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DUMAS‚ Jean Baptiste André. 14699

DUMAS‚ Jean Baptiste André.	14699 Letter Signed [to Pierre Hipployte Boutigny]‚ reporting on his recent illness‚ welcoming every day that Providence provides‚ explaining that he is in convalescence and is pleased to have the leisure to reply to his correspondent. In French. 2 pp. 7 x 4½ inches‚ fine‚ integral blank leaf tipped on to part of an old album page. Paris‚ 4 October 1883. Jean Baptiste Dumas (1800-1884)‚ French chemist‚ prominent teacher and investigator‚ one of the first men in France to realize the importance of experimental laboratory teaching. In the Essai Statique Chimique (1841)‚ he treated the chemistry of life‚ both plant and animal. The recipient of the letter is Pierre Hippolyte Boutigny‚ professor of chemistry‚ author of Etudes sur les corps à la l’état sphéroidal‚ etc.

Price : £65.00

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ENGLEFIELD‚ Sir Henry Charles. 11206

ENGLEFIELD‚ Sir Henry Charles.	11206 Autograph Letter Signed‚ to Doctor Blagden (later Sir Charles‚ and secretary of the Royal Society) at Gower Street‚ referring to Mr. E.Pigott (Edward Pigott jr‚ 1768-1807‚ astronomer)‚ who has asked Englefield to make corrections to a paper on Pigott’s behalf: “I therefore shall be obliged to you if you will send the Sheets to me as they are printed‚ & I will correct them.” 1 page 7½ x 6½ inches‚ integral address leaf‚ in good condition. Undated. Sir Henry Charles Englefield (1752-1822)‚ Fellow of the Royal Society‚ scientific writer. In 1781 Englefield joined the Dilettanti Society and acted as its secretary for fourteen years. Besides his antiquarian studies‚ which resulted in many contributions to Archaeologia‚ he carried on research in chemistry‚ mathematics‚ astronomy‚ and geology. His "Discovery of a Lake from Madder" won for him the gold medal of the Society of Arts.

Price : £120.00

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EVERETT‚ Joseph David. 17464

EVERETT‚ Joseph David.	17464 Autograph Letter Signed‚ to Clement le Neve Foster‚ enquiring “whether you have had the opportunity of doing anything in Underground Temperature.” A good one page example‚ 7 x 4½ inches. Belfast‚ 28 July 1874. Joseph David Everett (1831–1904)‚ English physicist‚ professor of natural philosophy at Queen's College‚ Belfast. He wrote Outlines of Natural Philosophy (1887) and other works. Sir Clement le Neve Foster (1841 – 1904)‚ English geologist and mineralogist.

Price : £35.00

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FERRERO‚ Guillaume. 11660

FERRERO‚ Guillaume.	11660	Autograph Letter Signed‚ thanking his correspondent for the tickets for Hamlet‚ praising his correspondent’s recently published article and related matters. In French. 3 pp. 7 x 4½ inches‚ fine. 8 Rue Saint Hyacinthe‚1 June 1896. Uncommon. Guillaume Ferrero‚ anthropologist and author of Les Lois Psychologiques Du Symbolisme (1895) and other works. Ferrero formulated the “law of least effort” in human psychology. The industrious European is contrasted with the lazy barbarian‚ and with the criminal population‚ thieves‚ nomads‚ and prostitutes‚ who are driven only by the desire to avoid work. Ferrero mentions in this letter Cesare Lombroso‚ his father-in-law and collaborator (in a study of female criminals in1893)‚ a celebrated criminologist‚ who devised the now-outmoded theory that criminality is determined by physiological traits.

Price : £150.00

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GALTON‚ Douglas. 12066

GALTON‚ Douglas.	12066	Autograph Letter Signed‚ to Robert Rawlinson‚ asking whether the recent Sanitary Acts “empower domiciliary visits of local authorities to trace out suspected causes of disease in houses”‚ and other similar enquiries. 4 pp. 8 x 5 inches‚ fine. British Association‚ Bradford‚ 17 September 1873. Sir Douglas Strutt Galton (1822-1899)‚ scientist‚ interested in submarine telegraphy‚ sanitary science‚ the higher education of women‚ and much else.

Price : £100.00

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GALTON‚ Sir Francis. 13163

GALTON‚ Sir Francis.	13163	Autograph Letter Signed ‘Francis Galton’‚ to H.C.Marillier‚ amending a dinner invitation. A good one page example‚ 7 x 4½ inches. 42 Rutland Gate‚ S.W.‚ 6 October 1898. “Also‚ if it really does not inconvenience‚ come in ‘dress’ though I am not quite sure that the lady of whom I spoke will be able to come.” Sir Francis Galton (1822-1911)‚ scientist and explorer (North and South Africa)‚ cousin of Charles Darwin‚ founder of the study of eugenics. Galton had a prolific intellect‚ and produced over 340 papers and books throughout his lifetime. He also created the statistical concept of correlation and widely promoted regression toward the mean. He was the first to apply statistical methods to the study of human differences and inheritance of intelligence‚ and introduced the use of questionnaires and surveys for collecting data on human communities‚ which he needed for genealogical and biographical works and for his anthropometric studies. He was a pioneer in eugenics‚ coining the term itself and the phrase "nature versus nurture". His book‚ Hereditary Genius (1869)‚ was the first social scientific attempt to study genius and greatness. Henry Curie Marillier (1865-1951)‚ engineer‚ writer on literature and art‚ expert on tapestries‚ friend of Oscar Wilde.

Price : £200.00

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GILBERT‚ Davies. 11334

GILBERT‚ Davies.	11334	Autograph Letter Signed‚ to Mr. J.Newman‚ Optician &c.‚ in Regent Street‚ about the dispatch of a barometer by Coach. 1 page 8½ x 7 inches‚ small blank piece torn from one corner‚ traces of mounting‚ otherwise good‚ with integral address leaf. East Bourne‚ 7 March 1836. Davies Gilbert (1767-1839)‚ engineer‚ author and politician‚ President of the Royal Society 1827-1830. “...Mr Rasen has promised me‚ that if you will cause the Box containing the Barometer to be placed on the Top of his Coach‚ that it shall be carefully kept their till it is delivered at my door. The Person who brings the Box should be at the Golden Cross 10 minutes before Eight.”

Price : £75.00

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GILBERT‚ Sir Joseph Henry. 11318

GILBERT‚ Sir Joseph Henry.	11318	Autograph Letter Signed‚ to William Carruthers (botanist and keeper of the Botanical Department at the Natural History Museum from 1871 to 1895)‚ discussing matters relating to learned Societies and their deliberations. 4 pp. 7 x 4½ inches‚ in good condition. Harpendon‚ 25 June 1888. Sir Joseph Henry Gilbert (1817-1901)‚ chemist‚ noteworthy for his long career spent improving the methods of practical agriculture. He was a fellow of the Royal Society.

Price : £35.00

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GIRARDIN‚ Jean Pierre Louis. 7310

GIRARDIN‚ Jean Pierre Louis.	7310 Autograph Letter Signed‚ to M.Boutigny (Pierre Hippolyte Boutigny‚ professor of chemistry) at Evreux‚ mentioning his journey to England to visit factories‚ and other matters. In French. 2 pp. 8 x 5 inches‚ in good condition‚ address leaf‚ tipped on to part of an old album page. Rouen‚ 7 September 1836. Jean Pierre Louis Girardin (1803-1884)‚ French chemist and agronomist‚ author of numerous works on the application of chemistry in agriculture‚ author of an early work on volcanoes‚ and Leçons de chimie élémentaire appliquée aux arts industriels (1872-75).

Price : £65.00

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GLADSTONE‚ John Hall. 9429

GLADSTONE‚ John Hall.	9429	Autograph Letter Signed‚ to Mr. Cooke‚ postponing their talk. A good one page example‚ 7 x 4½ inches. 17 Pembridge Square‚ 9 March 1891. John Hall Gladstone (1827-1902)‚ chemist‚ one of the earliest students in spectroscopy‚ and one of the founders of the new science of physical chemistry.

Price : £30.00

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GRAHAM‚ Thomas. 17175

GRAHAM‚ Thomas.	17175	Autograph Letter Signed‚ to Mr. Newman‚ sending £4.1.0 for Daniell’s Pyrometer‚ hoping to apply to Newman again in the course of the winter‚ requesting him to “keep the Safety-Lamp in mind”. 1 page 7 x 5 inches‚ in good condition. Andersonian‚ Glasgow‚ 25 November 1836. Thomas Graham (1805–1869)‚ Scottish chemist. From 1842 Graham acted as unofficial chemical adviser to the government. Graham was a pioneer in physical chemistry. He extended his researches on gaseous diffusion and he was able to make a clear distinction between effusion and transpiration (or viscous flow) of gases. In 1848 he began his liquid diffusion studies and found that there was no simple connection between diffusion speed and molecular weight for liquids. In 1852‚ faced with a wilderness of facts on osmosis‚ he coined the neologisms osmose‚ osmotic force‚ and osmometer. He explained that osmosis was liquid diffusion accompanied by osmose‚ or water‚ flowing in the opposite direction through a membrane. [DNB]

Price : £65.00

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GRESWELL‚ Richard. 11970

GRESWELL‚ Richard.	11970 Autograph Letter Signed‚ to the Rev. John Lodge‚ Magdalen College‚ Cambridge‚ threatening to visit him with other friends on the Cambridge Coach bound for “the approaching scientific meeting and festival”‚ making arrangements for Mrs. Palmer to meet Professor Smyth‚ and similar matters. 2¼ pages 9 x 7 inches‚ folds‚ address panel‚ Oxford postmark‚ traces of mounting. Worcester College [Oxford]‚ 17 June 1833. Richard Greswell (1800-1881)‚ “re-founder of the National Society”‚ one of the founders of the Ashmolean Society‚ benefactor‚ etc.

Price : £65.00

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HARRIS‚ William Snow. 11781

HARRIS‚ William Snow.	11781	Autograph Letter Signed ‘William Snow Harris’‚ to Davies Gilbert‚ about the dispatch of his paper to the Royal Society‚ and thanking Gilbert “for the kind interest you have shewn on this occasion respecting my paper”. 1 page 7½ x 4¾ inches‚ some marginal staining‚ integral blank leaf (stained on verso where formerly mounted). Plymouth‚ 23 May 1830. Uncommon. Sir William Snow Harris (1791–1867) was an English physician and electrical researcher‚ nicknamed Thunder-and-Lightning Harris‚ and noted for his invention of a successful system of lightning conductors for ships. It took many years of campaigning‚ research and successful testing before the British Royal Navy changed to Harris's conductors from their previous less effective system. One of the successful test vessels was HMS Beagle which survived lightning strikes unharmed on her famous voyage with Charles Darwin.

Price : £100.00

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HARRIS‚ William Snow. 14144

HARRIS‚ William Snow.	14144 Autograph Letter Signed‚ to Mr. Wicksteed‚ agreeing to assist him in erecting Lightning Conductors on his buildings [in London]‚ describing the three possibilities open to him‚ including “the kind of Conductor applied to the Nelson Pillar in Trafalgar Square”‚ suggesting that “a flat conductor of Copper Sheet such as I propose for Ships & which would I think answer well”. 4 pp.7 x 4½ inches‚ fine. Plymouth‚ 23 June 1844. Uncommon. “I think you will find in my work every information requisite for boxing Conductors to Buildings.” Sir William Snow Harris (1791–1867) was an English physician and electrical researcher‚ nicknamed Thunder-and-Lightning Harris‚ and noted for his invention of a successful system of lightning conductors for ships. It took many years of campaigning‚ research and successful testing before the British Royal Navy changed to Harris's conductors from their previous less effective system. One of the successful test vessels was HMS Beagle which survived lightning strikes unharmed on her famous voyage with Charles Darwin.

Price : £300.00

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HASSALL‚ Arthur Hill. 13530

HASSALL‚ Arthur Hill.	13530 Autograph Letter Signed‚ to William Gourlie jnr‚ welcoming him as a subscriber to the History of the British Freshwater Algae‚ offering to send the Prospectus to his friends‚ 2 pp. 7 x 4½ inches‚ in good condition. Addison Road North‚ Notting Hill‚ 5 April 1844. Arthur Hill Hassall (1817 - 1894) was a British physician‚ chemist and microscopist who is primarily known for his work in public health and food safety. In 1846 he published a two-volume study‚ The Microscopic Anatomy of the Human Body in Health and Disease‚ the first English textbook on the subject. After further studying botany at Kew and publishing on botanical topics‚ particularly freshwater algae‚ he came to public attention with his 1850 book ‘A microscopical examination of the water supplied to the inhabitants of London and the suburban districts’‚ which became an influential work in promoting the cause of water reform. In the early 1850s he also studied food adulteration; his reports were published in The Lancet by reformer Thomas Wakley and led directly to the 1860 Food Adulteration Act and subsequent further legislation against the practice.

Price : £65.00

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HATCHETT‚ Charles. 11408

HATCHETT‚ Charles.	11408	Autograph Letter Signed‚ to H.Gally Knight‚ thanking him for his letter and rejoicing at Gally Knight’s election to the Club. A good one page example. 7 x 4½ inches‚ minor creasing in one corner. Belle Vue House‚ Chelsea‚ 8 May 1830. Uncommon. Charles Hatchett (1765-1847) was the English chemist who discovered the element niobium. In 1801 while working for the British Museum in London‚ Hatchett analysed a piece of columbite in the museum's collection. Columbite turned out to be a very complex mineral‚ and Hachett discovered that it contained a "new earth" which implied the existence of a new element. Hatchett called this new element columbium (Cb). On 26 November of that year he announced his discovery before the Royal Society. The element was later rediscovered and renamed niobium.

Price : £75.00

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HATCHETT‚ Charles. 9323

HATCHETT‚ Charles.	9323	Autograph Letter Signed‚ to ‘Dear Rackett’‚ rejoicing at his arrival in Gower Street‚ and inviting him and Mr. and Mrs. Solly to dinner. A good one page example. 7 x 4½ inches. Belle Vue House‚ Chelsea‚ 13 November 1835. Uncommon. Charles Hatchett (1765-1847) was the English chemist who discovered the element niobium. In 1801 while working for the British Museum in London‚ Hatchett analysed a piece of columbite in the museum's collection. Columbite turned out to be a very complex mineral‚ and Hachett discovered that it contained a "new earth" which implied the existence of a new element. Hatchett called this new element columbium (Cb). On 26 November of that year he announced his discovery before the Royal Society. The element was later rediscovered and renamed niobium.

Price : £75.00

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HERAPATH‚ William. 17118

HERAPATH‚ William.	17118	Autograph Letter Signed‚ to Andrew Crosse‚ hoping to demonstrate “the great power of your electrical machine”‚ asking him “to strike a few wires the next time you are at work”‚ mentioning Liebig’s visit and a public demonstration of electricity. 1 page 10 x 8 inches‚ folds‚ mounted along left edge. Bristol‚ 14 September 1842. William Herapath (1796-1868)‚ analytical chemist and political reformer. He was one of the founders of the Chemical Society of London‚ of which he was a fellow‚ and also of the Bristol Medical School‚ of which he became professor of chemistry and toxicology on its opening in 1828. Andrew Crosse (1784-1855)‚ early pioneer and experimenter in the use of electricity. He became widely known after press reports of an electrocrystallization experiment he conducted in 1836‚ during which insects "appeared".

Price : £150.00

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HOFMANN‚ August Wilhelm von. 15126

HOFMANN‚ August Wilhelm von.	15126	Autograph Letter Signed‚ to Thomas Twining‚ about their engagement‚ asking whether he as “tried to effect a combination withe the South Kensington Museums”‚ congratulating Twining on his energy. A good one page example‚ 7 x 4½ inches. 9 Fitzroy Square‚ 22 May 1859. August Wilhelm von Hofmann (1818-1892)‚ German chemist. The Hofmann voltameter is an apparatus for electrolyzing water. Hofmann's work covered a wide range of organic chemistry. His first research‚ carried out in Liebig's laboratory at Giessen‚ was on coal-tar and his investigation of the organic bases in naphtha established the nature of aniline. Hofmann studied under Justus von Liebig at the University of Giessen. When‚ in 1845‚ a school of practical chemistry was started in London‚ under the style of the Royal College of Chemistry‚ Hofmann‚ largely through the influence of the Prince Consort‚ was appointed its first director. The College was a success‚ owing largely to his enthusiasm and energy‚ and many of the men who were trained there subsequently made their mark in chemical history. In 1864 Hofmann returned to Bonn.

Price : £150.00

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JOHNSON‚ Cuthbert William. 13780

JOHNSON‚ Cuthbert William.	13780	Autograph Letter Signed‚ to W.Parker Hammond‚ about the geology of north Cornwall‚ and other observations from his recent journeys there. 4 pp. 7 x 4½ inches. 2 October 1867. Cuthbert William Johnson (1799-1878)‚ agricultural chemist and writer.

Price : £45.00

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JULIA DE FONTENELLE‚ Jean Sébastien Eugène. 10672

JULIA DE FONTENELLE‚ Jean Sébastien Eugène.	10672 Autograph Letter Signed‚ as Secretary of the Société des Sciences‚ to Pierre Hipployte Boutigny‚ Professor of Chemistry at Evreux‚ discussing the work of pharmaceutical statistics which Boutigny has been kind enough to send. 1 page 10 x 8 inches‚ in good condition‚ integral address leaf tipped on to album page. Paris‚ 29 May 1832. Jean Sébastien Eugène Julia de Fontenelle (1790-1842)‚ French chemist‚ author of Manuel complet des fabricants de chapeaux en tous genres.

Price : £45.00

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KESTNER‚ Charles. 15646

KESTNER‚ Charles.	15646	Autograph Letter Signed‚ to Monsieur Lemantos at the National Assembly‚ asking for tickets for the upper gallery. In French‚ with a separate English translation. 1 page 8 x 5 inches‚ with address panel. [1849] Charles Kestner (1803-1870)‚ French chemist‚ industrialist and politician.

Price : £45.00

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LETHEBY‚ Henry. 16626

LETHEBY‚ Henry.	16626	Autograph Letter Signed‚ to Thomas Twining‚ about forthcoming lectures at the Society of Arts‚ suggesting that Letheby talks on the relative values of food‚ and the treatment of food in the the processes of preservation and cooking‚ also on the adulterations of food. 4 pp. 7 x 4½ inches‚ fine. 17 Sussex Place‚ Regents Park‚ 30 November 1867. Henry Letheby (1816 –1876)‚ analytical chemist and public health officer. He was lecturer on chemistry at the London Hospital‚ and for some years medical officer of health and analyst of foods for the City of London. He was also appointed chief examiner of gas for the metropolis under the Board of Trade. Letheby was an exceedingly accurate technological chemist‚ and contributed many papers to The Lancet and other scientific periodicals. Letheby's chief work was a treatise on Food‚ its Varieties‚ Chemical Composition‚ &c. [1870].

Price : £65.00

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LETHEBY‚ Henry. 6015

LETHEBY‚ Henry.	6015 Autograph Letter Signed‚ to C.W.Cooke‚ agreeing “to see the casting of the condenser on Thursday next”. 1 page 7 x 4½ inches‚ in good condition. 41 Fisbury Square‚ 28 April 1863. Henry Letheby (1816-76)‚ analytical chemist‚ medical officer of health and analyst of food for the City of London. Published ‘Food‚ Its Varieties‚ Chemical Composition‚ etc.’ [1870].

Price : £35.00

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LIEBIG‚ Justus von. 11743

LIEBIG‚ Justus von.	11743	Autograph Letter Signed ‘J Liebig’‚ to J.Bass‚ M.P.‚ Burton on Trent‚ introducing Mr. Heinrich who wishes to see the Bass brewery‚ and “sending a new substitute for hops ...a product from the manufacture of quinine” and a good preservative. In English. 1 page 9 x 5½ inches‚ in good condition‚ one small tear repaired‚ traces of adhesive on verso only. Munich‚ 9 August 1869. Justus von Liebig (1803-1873)‚ a discoverer of chloroform‚ was a German chemist who made major contributions to agricultural and biological chemistry‚ and worked on the organization of organic chemistry. As a professor‚ he devised the modern laboratory-oriented teaching method‚ and for such innovations‚ he is regarded as one of the greatest chemistry teachers of all time. He is known as the "father of the fertilizer industry" for his discovery of nitrogen as an essential plant nutrient‚ and his formulation of the Law of the Minimum which described the effect of individual nutrients on crops.

Price : £550.00

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LISTER‚ Agnes. 14290

LISTER‚ Agnes.	14290 Autograph Letter Signed ‘Agnes Lister’‚ to Dr. Marriott‚ inviting him to dinner to meet Dr. Cameron. 2 pp. 6 x 4 inches‚ in good condition. 12 Park Crescent‚ Portland Place‚ 4 April [1884]. Uncommon. Agnes Lister‚ Lady Lister‚ née Syme (1834-1893)‚ married Joseph Lister on 23 April 1856.

Price : £75.00

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McADAM‚ James Nichol. 15570

McADAM‚ James Nichol.	15570 Letter Signed‚ to Mr. Ambler‚ acquainting him that the Commissioners of the Metropolis Roads have accepted his tender for “supplying the following quantity of Gravel ...” 1 page 10 x 8 inches‚ some stains and blemishes‚ filing hole. Metropolis Roads Office‚ 1 May 1850. Uncommon. Sir James Nichol McAdam (1785-1852)‚ Knight General Surveyor of Turnpikes‚ the "Colossus of Roads"‚ was knighted for managing turnpike trusts. He was one of the three sons of John Loudon McAdam‚ the famous road builder.

Price : £75.00

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McADAM‚ John Loudon. 17337

McADAM‚ John Loudon.	17337	Autograph Letter Signed ‘Jno. Loudon McAdam’‚ urging that roads be constructed for the Greenwich Hospital estates‚ describing a recent meeting at Hexham to discuss progress there‚ explaining the reasons why roads “become an indispensible necessary”‚ the establishment of tolls‚ the security provided by that revenue‚ etc. 2 pp. 10 x 8 inches‚ minor blemishes only‚ with an integral blank leaf mounted on an old album page (two early documents on verso)‚ generally in good condition. Carlisle‚ 2 August 1825. Rare. A good letter by John Loudon McAdam (1756 –1836)‚ Scottish engineer and road-builder. He invented a new process‚ "macadamisation"‚ for building roads with a smooth hard surface‚ using controlled materials of mixed particle size and predetermined structure‚ that would be more durable and less muddy than soil-based tracks. In this letter McAdam considers the distances between Markets and the coal mining communities‚ insisting that “roads become an indispensible necessity‚ and money laid out in this imporvement is an ultimate saving even if the money were given not lent‚ but in the present case I see a very satisfactory security in the Tolls‚ those already established (Six in Number) produce about £2000 per Annum and will greatly increase immediately on the roads being opened‚ as the traffic will increase - a party are ready to set up a Coach from Penrith to Hexham by Aldstone as soon as the road is open.” McAdam is confident about the future‚ if “statute labour” (local road maintenance) can be provided‚ “of which there is now a grand prospect as the people of the country are at last convinced that there is such a thing as a well made road on a good line and that it is useful - we have met with much facility and good humour in Cumberland amongst the Farmers on the subject of statute labour which we have got advantageously compounded for and to be paid in money‚ we hope to be equally successful in Northumberland which will be a large addition ot the road revenue. I am‚ Dear Sir‚ wit great esteem‚ your most obt. humble servant‚ Jno. Loudon McAdam.”

Price : £950.00

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MILLER‚ William Allen. 11434

MILLER‚ William Allen.	11434	Autograph Letter Signed‚ to Monsieur Boutigny [Pierre Hipployte Boutigny‚ Professor of Chemistry at Evreux]‚ sending him a ticket for an exhibition of chemical products‚ provided by Mr. Waring‚ laboratory director at Apothecaries Hall. In French. 1½ pages 7 x 4½ inches‚ tipped on to part of an album page‚ in good condition. King’s College London‚ 13 June 1850. William Allen Miller FRS (1817-1870)‚ scientist. He was educated at King's College London and upon the death of John Frederic Daniell succeeded to the Chair of Chemistry at King's. Although primarily a chemist‚ the scientific contributions for which Miller is mainly remembered today are in spectroscopy and astrochemistry‚ new fields in his time. The crater Miller on the Moon is named after him.

Price : £35.00

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MINTON‚ Herbert. 13891

MINTON‚ Herbert.	13891	An interesting Autograph Letter Signed‚ to Mr. Goode [Thomas Goode] of South Audley Street‚ offering wholesale lots of ceramic “Garden Labels”‚ on which the names of plants can be painted‚ sending samples‚ and describing the process of manufacture. 3 pp. 9 x 7 inches‚ fine. Stoke upon Trent‚ 3 November 1845. “... passed through an intense fire of 48 hours duration‚ so that the material becomes semivitrifed‚ and will bear any quantity of moisture or change of atmosphere without the least injury‚ in short they are imperishable ...” Herbert Minton (1793-1858)‚ pottery manufacturer. The combination of Pugin's designs and Minton's technical skill led to important commissions that included the Houses of Parliament; St Georges Hall‚ Liverpool; and Cheadle Church‚ Staffordshire. Other important and ambitious tile schemes executed by the Minton factory were for the Capitol‚ Washington‚ DC; the Foreign Office‚ London; the royal dairy‚ Windsor; and the South Kensington Museum‚ London (now the Victoria and Albert Museum). By the 1840s the Minton factory was producing a range of figures‚ ornamental ware‚ and encaustic floor tiles. During the mid- to late 1840s Herbert Minton developed Parian body (named after the Greek island of Paros) for statuary‚ and low-temperature lead glazes that Minton named majolica. Both majolica and Parian were launched at the Great Exhibition of 1851 and contributed greatly to Minton's being awarded the bronze council medal—a most prestigious accolade—for ‘beauty and originality of design’‚ the only one of its kind bestowed on an English manufacturer. [ODNB]

Price : £300.00

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MORIDE Edouard. 10481

MORIDE Edouard.	10481	Autograph Letter Signed to Monsieur Boutigny [Pierre Hippolyte Boutigny professor of chemistry] commenting on his work on “l’état sphéroidal” discussing with enthusiasm his own experiments with flying machines and mentioning an experiment with carbonic acid. In French. 3 pp. 8 x 5 inches with address leaf (tipped on to part album page) in good condition. Laboratoire de Ed. Moride Nantes 11 May 1850. Edouard Moride French chemist.

Price : £65.00

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MUSPRATT‚ James Sheridan. 16194

MUSPRATT‚ James Sheridan.	16194	Autograph Letter Signed‚ to an editor‚ complaining bitterly of his treatment of Muspratt’s book‚ the “petty spite” etc.‚ mentioning his acquaintance with Charles Dickens and others. 4 pp. 8 x 5 inches‚ fold marks‚ in good condition. Marked Private. Royal College‚ 6 December 1853. “The letters I hold from Prince Albert in the College‚ & from Charles Dickens & Dumas & Sheridan Knowles are sufficient evidence‚ if any were needed?” James Sheridan Muspratt (1821-1871)‚ Irish scientist‚ author of many works including a two volume work on Chemistry. Muspratt worked with Justus von Liebig in Giessen before founding the Liverpool College of Chemistry in 1841. Muspratt was a friend of Dickens and Macready. He took a keen interest in local theatre and in 1847 acted as organizing secretary for the visit of Charles Dickens's amateur company‚ which was the first appearance in Liverpool of the celebrated American actresses the Cushman sisters; Muspratt married Susan Cushman in 1848.

Price : £75.00

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NEWMAN‚ John. 15384

NEWMAN‚ John.	15384	A long Autograph Letter Signed‚ regretting the accident which befell a Barometer‚ sending “A new Magneto Electric Apparatus”‚ and including a full scientific description of its operation in this letter‚ incorporating one small sketch. About 600 words on 4 pp. 9 x 7 inches‚ overall toning‚ small filing holes and light stains only. 122 Regent Street‚ London‚ 7 April 1835. John Frederick Newman‚ one of the most famous instrument makers of the period‚ is recorded as working between 1816-1862. He made standard and portable barometers for James Clark Ross's Antarctic expeditions (1839-1843) and his metereological station barometers were used throughout the British Empire. He was also the inventor of the Newman mountain barometer. In 1851 he was an exhibitor at the Great Exhibition at the Crystal Palace. Newman occupied two London premises: 7 & 8 Lisle Street (1816-1825) and 122 Regent Street (1827-1862). His business was taken over by Negretti & Zambra in 1862.

Price : £250.00

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ODLING‚ William. 12203

ODLING‚ William.	12203 Autograph Letter Signed‚ to B.Lascelles‚ awaiting “your further results”‚ which can then be discussed after Odling’s lecture on Monday. 2 pp. 7 x 4½ inches‚ in good condition. Croydon‚ undated. William Odling (1829–1921)‚ chemist. Among his publications were A Course of Practical Chemistry (1854)‚ A Manual of Chemistry‚ Descriptive and Theoretical (1861)‚ and Outlines of Chemistry (1870). As the first medical officer of health for Lambeth he gained direct experience of cholera and other water-borne diseases. For drinking purposes‚ he concluded that well water‚ with possibilities of immediate pollution‚ was less desirable than river water‚ with its natural processes for purification. In chemistry‚ Odling’s lectures and writings played a considerable part in shaping fundamental chemical theory‚ and in several respects laid the foundations for the theory of valency‚ as defined by Edward Frankland and August Kekulé.

Price : £35.00

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OXLAND‚ Robert. 12204

OXLAND‚ Robert.	12204	Autograph Letter Signed‚ to C. Le Neve Foster‚ saying that he has sent “a description of the calciner to Mr. Schneider”. A good one page example 8 x 5 inches. 8 Portland Square‚ Plymouth‚ 24 December 1877. Dr Robert Oxland (d.1899)‚ chemist‚ metallurgist‚ devised a wet method for the extraction of copper from ores. He is known as the joint inventor‚ with John Hocking‚ of the “revolving calcining furnace” which bears their names.

Price : £45.00

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PARVILLE‚ Henri de. 14537

PARVILLE‚ Henri de.	14537	Autograph Letter Signed ‘H.Parville’‚ to ‘Cher monsieur’ [Pierre Hippolyte Boutigny‚ professor of chemistry‚ in Evreux]‚ discussing the specifications of “la machine pneumatique”‚ incorporating three carefully drawn diagrams. In French‚ 2 pp. 8 x 5 inches‚ with the diagrams on the third page‚ in fine condition‚ mounted along one edge on part of an old album page. Paris‚ 28 September 1860. The uncommon autograph of Henri de Parville (1838-1909)‚ scientific journalist‚ author of An Inhabitant Of The Planet Mars (1864)‚ a hoax report in which a meteorite dug up by a Colorado oil prospector contains a mummified body believed to originate on Mars. This early theory of extraterrestrial life caught the attention of Jules Verne’s publisher who released the work in an expanded version.

Price : £120.00

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PEREIRA‚ Jonathan. 14760

PEREIRA‚ Jonathan.	14760 Autograph Letter Signed‚ to John Forbes Royle‚ the surgeon and naturalist‚ at the Asiatic Society‚ explaining that he has to lecture at the hospital at the time fixed for the Society meeting‚ but hopes to call on Royle in a day or two. 2 pp. 7 x 4½ inches‚ in good condition‚ address leaf. 19 March 1836. Jonathan Pereira (1804-53)‚ pharmacologist and physician‚ medical teacher and surgeon‚ published in 1823 Synopsis of the Chemical Decomposition that takes place in the Preparations of the London Pharmacopoeia. In 1824 he published his English translation of the newly revised Pharmacopoeia Londinensis and Selectae e praescriptis‚ a selection of medical prescriptions. There followed A Manual for the Use of [Medical] Students (1826) and A General Table of Atomic Numbers with an Introduction to Atomic Theory (1827). From 1842 Pereira devoted much of his time and energy to the completion of the third edition of The Elements of Materia Medica and Therapeutics‚ which was his major work.

Price : £65.00

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PERKIN‚ William Henry. 17408

PERKIN‚ William Henry.	17408	Autograph Letter Signed ‘W.H.Perkin’‚ returning “proof of evidence with corrections & additions”. 1 page 8 x 5 inches‚ light staining to blank lower edge. The Chestnuts‚ Sudbury‚ Harrow‚ 9 March 1882. Sir William Henry Perkin‚ FRS (1838 – 1907)‚ English chemist best known for his accidental discovery of the first aniline dye: the purple mauveine.

Price : £100.00

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POSTGATE‚ John. 1545

POSTGATE‚ John.	1545	Autograph Letter Signed‚ to Dr.Norris at Queens College‚ thanking him for his ‘Work on the Blood’ and looking forward to reading it with great interest. 1 page 7 x 4.5 inches‚ fine. 59 Bristol Road [Birmingham]‚ 6 December 1871. John Postgate (1820-81)‚ initiator of the laws against adulteration. Dr.Richard Norris‚ author of medical works including The Physiology and Pathology of the Blood....With mikro-photographic illustrations‚ London 1882.

Price : £45.00

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RIGG‚ Sir Edward. 14041

RIGG‚ Sir Edward.	14041	Autograph Letter Signed‚ to ‘My dear Cooke’‚ mentioning war work. 4 pp. 7 x 4½ inches‚ in good condition. Royal Mint‚ 7 June 1915. Sir Edward Rigg (1850-1933)‚ Superintendent‚ Operative Department‚ Royal Mint (1898-1918). “We are awfully busy making Dial Sights & Automatic Balances for the War Office & I see more than a year’s work in advance.”

Price : £45.00

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RUSSELL‚ William James. 4853

RUSSELL‚ William James.	4853 Autograph Note Signed‚ informing his correspondent where “the chemical apparatus” can be obtained. 1 page 7 x 4½ inches. Chemical Laboratories‚ St.Barholomew’s Hospital‚ 4 February 1882. William James Russell (1830-1909)‚ chemist and educationist. Russell was a pioneer both in the chemical education of medical students‚ which he sought to make much more relevant to medicine than had been the case before‚ and in the scientific education of women. At the start of his time at Bedford College he opened the first science laboratory accessible to women students. For many years he analysed the air at several sites in London‚ in order to achieve a better understanding of fog formation.

Price : £45.00

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SCHEFFER‚ Henrik Teofilus. 10261

SCHEFFER‚ Henrik Teofilus.	10261	Autograph Letter Signed ‘Scheffer’‚ to Monsieur Le President de Gerrault[?]‚ in the elegant phrases of the time‚ soliciting his vote. In French. A fine one page example 9 x 7 inches‚with the integral address leaf. Paris‚ 30 December 1754. Henrik Teofilus Scheffer (1710-1759)‚ Swedish physician and botanist‚ author of Chemical Lectures‚ Essai sur l'art de la teinture (1787 and later editions)‚ studied under Celsius and Brandt at Upsah and Stockholm‚ and made experimental studies of alloys of platinum.

Price : £175.00

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SIMPSON‚ Sir James Young. 17364

SIMPSON‚ Sir James Young.	17364 Autograph Letter Signed‚ to Miss Kent‚ speculating about her romance. A good one page example‚ 7 x 4½ inches‚ laid down on part album page. On the verso is an original autograph prescription signed by Sir William Fergusson (1850). 24 February 1868. “But let me whisper in your ear‚ why is it that the Major & you are not married yet.” Sir James Young Simpson (1811-1870)‚ Scottish obstetrician‚ originated the use of ether in childbirth‚ and discovered the properties of chloroform (1847). He championed chloroforms’s use against religious and medical opposition until its use at the birth of Prince Leopold led to its general acceptance. Sir William Fergusson (1808-1877)‚ surgeon‚ Professor of Surgery at Kings College (1840-1870).

Price : £200.00

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SYMONS‚ George James. 6203

SYMONS‚ George James.	6203 Autograph Letter Signed‚ tp ‘Meldola’‚ explaining that he is on his way to Cannes‚ and will turn up one evening after his return. 1 page 8 x 5 inches‚ traces of mounting. Paris‚ 29 October 1886. George James Symons (1838-1900)‚ meteorologist‚ compiler of rainfall reports‚ recognised the sanitary importance of water supply. He also edited the report on the eruption of Krakatoa.

Price : £30.00

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THOMSON‚ Thomas. 16895

THOMSON‚ Thomas.	16895	A lengthy Autograph Letter Signed‚ to John Forbes Royle‚ the surgeon and naturalist‚ thanking him for his Essay on the Antiquity of Hindoo Medicine‚ referring to Royle’s botanical experience‚ interceding for his nephew‚ Dr. R.D.Thomson‚ a candidate for the chair of Forensic Medicine at King’s College. 2 pp.9 x 7 inches‚ possibly lacking a section‚ with the subscription and signature‚ and the addressee’s name (taken from the address panel)‚ pasted on the lower edge of the first page. Glasgow‚ 3 May 1838. Thomas Thomson (1773 –1852)‚ Scottish chemist and mineralogist whose writings contributed to the early spread of Dalton's atomic theory‚ author of the System of Chemistry (1802). He was the inventor of the saccharometer and gave silicon its current name.

Price : £100.00

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THORPE‚ Thomas Edward. 14623

THORPE‚ Thomas Edward.	14623 Autograph Letter Signed‚ to “Dear Clough”‚ about old Manchester friends‚ Randolph Caldecott and Thomas Armstrong‚ looking back to “the dear old place in that dear old slum”. 2½ pages 7 x 4½ inches‚ some light toning‚ in good condition. Science and Art Department‚ South Kensington‚ 19 March 1886. Sir Thomas Edward Thorpe (1845-1925)‚ chemist. He contributed to the understanding of the relationship between substances' molecular weights and their specific gravities‚ and his work on phosphorus compounds led to a better understanding of phosphorus trioxide and the prevention of the illnesses it caused to workers in the match industry. Thorpe's work on the atomic weights of metals led to the award of a Royal Medal in 1889‚ and in 1902 Thorpe was elected member of the newly created International Atomic Weights Commission. He also took part in four eclipse expeditions‚ and a magnetic survey of the British Isles. Thorpe wrote a number of books‚ including the textbooks Inorganic Chemistry (1873)‚ Dictionary of Applied Chemistry (1890) and a History of Chemistry (1909). Outside chemistry‚ his great interest was yachting‚[2] and he wrote two books on this subject; A Yachtsman's Guide to the Dutch Waterways (1905) and The Seine from Havre to Paris (1913).

Price : £35.00

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TURNER‚ Edward. 17120

TURNER‚ Edward.	17120	A long Autograph Letter Signed‚ addressee’s name removed‚ discussing information supplied about Bath‚ the case of the corporation versus Mr. Pinch‚ a brewer‚ who had dug a well and diverted water from the public baths‚ Turner’s opinion‚ similar cases‚ good attendance likely at the Association meeting‚ sight of Whewell‚ Daubeny‚ Phillips‚ Murchison and Sedgwick. 2 pp. 9 x 7½ inches‚ remains of guard along left edge‚ in good condition. 7 Princes Place‚ Clifton‚ 19 August 1836. Edward Turner (1798-1837)‚ chemist‚ occupied the chair of chemistry at University College‚ 1828-1837. His most important scientific work was that on the atomic weight of elements. Author of Elements of Chemistry (1827). From the album compiled by John Forbes Royle (1799-1858)‚ so it is likely that the letter is addressed to him.

Price : £45.00

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TYLOR‚ Sir Edward Burnett. 16435

TYLOR‚ Sir Edward Burnett.	16435 Autograph Letter Signed‚ to R.H.Bourchier Nicholson‚ explaining that the claims on his time prevent him accepting the invitation to lecture. 2 pp. 7 x 4½ inches‚ in good condition. The Museum House‚ Oxford‚ 19 September 1887. Sir Edward Burnett Tylor (1832-1917)‚ a founding figure of the science of social anthropology‚ travelled to Mexico in 1856 and recorded his visit in Anahuac; or‚ Mexico and the Mexicans (1861). He made his reputation with his Researches into The Early History of Mankind (1865). His chief work was Primitive Culture (1871). Tylor became the first Professor of Anthropology at Oxford (1896-1909).

Price : £45.00

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VILLARI‚ Emilio. 13241

VILLARI‚ Emilio.	13241	Autograph Letter Signed‚ thanking his correspondent for “the certificate of honorary fellow in your physical society of London”‚ saying that it encourages him in his “scientifick researches”. 3 pp. 8 x 5 inches‚ in good condition. Naples‚ 19 March 1899. Emilio Villari (1836-1904)‚ Italian physicist‚ known for his work on magnetism‚ and what came to be known as a quadrant electrometer.

Price : £65.00

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WALLICH‚ George Charles. 9766

WALLICH‚ George Charles.	9766	Autograph Letter Signed‚ to ‘Dear Conrad’‚ enquiring about him‚ sending “this by a boy so don’t be at the trouble of writing but let me have a verbal message stating how you are”. 2½ pages 8 x 5 inches‚ small stain from seal. Tower House‚ 26 June‚ no year given. George Charles Wallich (1815–1899)‚ military surgeon and oceanographer. in 1838 Wallich became assistant surgeon in the Indian army and saw considerable active service during the next nineteen years‚ taking part in the Sutlej and Punjab campaigns of 1842 and 1847 and acting as field surgeon during the Santal rebellion of 1855–6. Later he was appointed as naturalist in HMS Bulldog during a voyage under the command of Sir Leopold McClintock in 1860 to investigate a possible northern route for the proposed north-Atlantic telegraph cable. His most important work was The North-Atlantic Sea-Bed (1862)‚ which included his general views on deep-sea biology and in particular a refutation of the ‘azoic theory’‚ put forward by Edward Forbes in 1843‚ according to which the depths of the ocean beyond a few hundred metres were devoid of life. [DNB]

Price : £45.00

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WATSON‚ Hewett. 12806

WATSON‚ Hewett.	12806	A long Autograph Letter Signed [to Thomas Twining]‚ discussing the subject of education‚ suggesting he study the reports of schools “giving a good‚ sound‚ real education to the chlldren of the working classes”‚ considering the format of a questionnaire‚ the importance of connecting words with ideas while teaching‚ the power of speech‚ the importance of pronunciation‚ and much else. 7 pp. 7 x 4½ inches‚ fine. Thames Ditton‚ 28 January‚ no year given. Uncommon. Hewett Cottrell Watson (1804–81)‚ phrenologist‚ botanist and evolutionary theorist. Watson edited the Phrenological Journal from 1837 to 1840 and the London Catalogue of British Plants from 1844 to 1874. Watson showed a remarkable command of the scientific questions of the day‚ including the importance of statistical methods in scientific enquiry‚ the asymmetric lateralization of brain function and the transmutation of species (evolutionary theory). In 1836‚ he published a paper in the Phrenological Journal entitled What is the Use of the Double Brain ? in which he speculated about the differential development of the two human cerebral hemispheres. This was eight years before Arthur Ladbroke Wigan published his influential The Duality of Mind (1844). Watson was unusual among the phrenologists in explicitly disavowing phrenology in later life. In On the Origin of Species‚ Charles Darwin made generous acknowledgement of Watson as a vitally important source of scientific information and‚ in turn‚ on the publication of On the Origin of Species‚ Watson was one of the first to write to Darwin - on 21 November 1859 - congratulating him on his extraordinary achievement.

Price : £150.00

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WERDEMANN‚ Richard. 14010

WERDEMANN‚ Richard.	14010	Autograph Letter Signed‚ to C.W.Cooke‚ thanking him for the “spendid and high scientific article” and referring to his own light. 2 pp. 8 x 5 inches‚ in good condition. 4 Princes Street‚ London‚ 16 June 1879. “I can not find words to thank for the manner in which you have done justice to my light.” Richard Werdemann‚ electricity pioneer. We have discovered the following reference in Nature (7 November 1878): The Werdermann Electric Light: While the world is waiting for the announcement of Mr. Edison’s method of splitting up the electric light‚ Mr. Richard Werdermann‚ a gentleman well known in connection with electric lighting‚ seems to have solved the problem‚ to some extent‚ at least‚ and he believes that after further experiments he will be able to divide the current into 50‚ 100‚ or even 500 lights. Experimental exhibitions of the light have been given with satisfactory results at the works of the British Telegraph Manufactory‚ Euston Road.

Price : £65.00

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WILLIAMSON‚ Alexander William. 12415

WILLIAMSON‚ Alexander William.	12415 Autograph Letter Signed‚ to Thompson‚ enclosing a line to Stanley “but am told that he is not very free now in admitting foreigners”. 1 page 7 x 4½ inches‚ traces of mounting at corners. 15 Primrose Hill Road‚ 22 february 1882. Alexander William Williamson FRS 1824–1904)‚ English chemist of Scottish descent‚ is credited for his research on the formation of ether by the interaction of sulphuric acid and alcohol‚ known as the Williamson ether synthesis.

Price : £45.00

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ZANTEDESCHI‚ Francesco. 9704

ZANTEDESCHI‚ Francesco.	9704	Autograph Letter Signed‚ to Pierre Hippolyte Boutigny‚ professor of chemistry‚ in Paris. In Italian. A good one page example 10½ x 8½ inches‚ right margin ragged‚ integral address leaf (postal markings)‚ tipped on to an old album page. Padua‚ 22 August 1852. Francesco Zantedeschi (1797-1873‚ Italian priest and physicist‚ published papers (1829 and 1830) on the production of electric currents in closed circuits by the approach and withdrawal of a magnet‚ thereby anticipating Michael Faraday's classical experiments of 1831. While carrying out researches on the solar spectrum‚ Zantedeschi was among the first to recognize the marked absorption by the atmosphere of red‚ yellow‚ and green light.

Price : £75.00

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